THE CENTER OF COVENANT: AN ASSAULTER, A MURDERER…??

abbas effendi
Abdul Baha Abbas Effendi, son of Baha’u’llah.

Mirza Jawad Qazvini, who was a loyal follower of Baha’u’llah has gathered in his book” A BRIEF HISTORY OF BAHA’U’LLAH- THE FOUNDER OF BAHA’I RELIGION”, how The Manifestation Of God, Baha’u’llah worked at spreading the word of peace,kindness and love in the world.After the departure of Baha’u’llah, the reign of the faith lied in the hands of his eldest son  Abdul Baha Abbas Effendi as believed by most of the Baha’is presently.  The future of the faith remained at the disposal of this Center of Covenant Abdul Baha. Unfortunately after the death of his father, Abbas Effendi  with his own actions created  an atmosphere of fear and dissension in exact contradiction to the teachings of his father. Mirza Jawad Qazvini is the eye-witness of these incidents that occurred. He has mentioned them in his above book. At one of the places he writes how Abbas Effendi assaulted his brother Zia U’llah’s  wife after his death, as follows:

“The sixth step was six years after the Departure of Baha’u’llah, when the Branch Zia U’llah Effendi became very sick, because of the severe effects of this sad dissen­sion on him. The Branch was taken, after a long siege of sickness at Akka, to the city of Heifa for a change. There though he became worse, and very seriously ill for many days, yet his brother Abbas Effendi did not visit him, and allowed no one of his family nor of his followers to do so. On the 20th of October, 1898, A. D., the end came, and Zia U’llah Effendi died.

On hearing the news Abbas Effendi came and looked at the face of his dead brother for a few minutes and re­turned back to his home. On the next day Abbas Effendi accompanied the funeral to the gate of the city, then he went to the Palace of Behja for a little while, and from there he returned to Akka without attending the burial of his brother, neither did he allow his wife, his children, nor any of his followers to attend.

The strangest event which occured on that day was, that none of the followers of Abbas Effendi closed his store or stopped his business or work, as it is customary on such occasions. Instead they all manifested great pleas­ure and happiness and drank with each other the refresh­ments which are especially used at feasts. This behavior surprised and astonished all the people, near and far, strangers and relatives.

As the parents and brothers of the widow of the late Zia Ullah Effendi were of the followers of Abbas Effendi, he called them and urged them to bring her to him. Because she remained faithful and devoted her life to serve the mother of her late husband (the widow of Baha’u’llah), and thus she lived with her grace at the Palace of Behja. The plan of abducting the mourning widow was as follows:

Abbas Effendi sent her parents and brother to the Sacred Tomb of Beha, at Behja. There they sent a woman of the followers of Abbas Effendi to the Mother of the Branches, to ask Her Grace to permit the widow to come to the Sacred Tomb, in order to meet her parents and brother. The permission was given, and the parents and the brother received the widow very cordially and showed her extreme love and kindness, and they occupied her in conversation until they all went out of the Sacred Place. Then, the parents seized her hands and feet and the brother carried her and tried to bring her to a carriage standing near by, wherein the wife of Abbas Effendi was waiting and prepared to drive with her home. Some others were also helping them in the abduction. The veil and slippers of the widow fell down while struggling to free herself, and thus bareheaded and barefooted she called loudly for help, saying, “O Baha! Help!. They are taking me by force!”

This event took place when, Mohammed Ali Effendi and Badi U’llah Effendi were not at Behja. But, the Servant of God and a few others were there, and it happened myself and other believers were coming to visit the Sacred Tomb and heard her calling for help. So we came and freed her. When Abbas Effendi saw the failure of his ef­forts, he told one of his followers to write a letter in direct contrary to the facts, and the father of the widow signed it, and it was sent to Cairo, Egypt, to Haj Mirza Hassan Kharasani, who by the order of Abbas Effendi published and distributed it in different countries.

On the 28th day of May, 1897 A. D., the Servant of God, Mirza Agha Jan, invited all the friends (believers) to dine with him at Behja near by the Sacred Tomb. In the afternoon when they finished eating and drinking the – tea, the Servant stood up in the midst thereof and lec­tured to them saying. “The Servant of God kept himself quiet and silent and never said a thing in those few past years, in order to avoid disturbance and dissension among the believers, but now, I (the Servant) see that my silence has perhaps augmented the difference in the cause of God; therefore, my duty is to state to you my knowledge and opinion in regard to this question. All the actions and the teachings which were promulgated and claimed by Abbas Effendi and his supporters are erroneous and con­trary to the commands of God and against His doctrines and laws revealed in the Sacred Books. The Covenant and the Oath, which were mentioned in the Holy Scrip­tures, both belong only to the Manifestations of God, Who appeared in the past and Who will appear in the future.

Abbas Effendi ascribed both of them to himself without evidence or proof, yet, you have accepted his claim and believed him and committed a gross error in so doing.”

Abbas Effendi having been informed to that effect, at once, he came there and took the Servant by his hand and put him outside the place, barefooted and bare headed, while his followers were striking the Servant strong blows on his face and head, although he begged and cried to be left alone for the sake and respect of the Sacred Tomb, they did not heed his crying nor his appeal. At last they imprisoned him in a stable and robbed him of all the Sacred Tablets which he was carrying, and in a few hours later they freed him after calling him by different names as violater, backslider, devil, etc., etc. Indeed it was not meant on their part to treat so cruelly the Servant of God as they did. He faithfully for forty years stood before the Throne and served Baha’u’llah. In one of the Sacred Tablets, Baha’u’llah said in his favor the following: “And after that of the Branches, a praised station was ordained for the Servant standing before the Throne”.

On many occasions, the Servant opposed Abbas Effendi and his followers, because of their claims and teachings, and he was in perfect accord with Mohammed Ali Effendi, that there is no one besides Baha’u’llah in the kingdom, and that His teachings and Utterances suffice the world.

On the 17th day of May, 1901 A. D., the Servant of Baha’u’llah died at Behja after an illness of about fifteen days, and was buried at Abi-Atobah. His funeral and burial were pompously conducted by the Mightest Branch, Mohammed Ali Effendi.

While alive the Servant of God has very often declared in the presence of the Branches and some others of the Holy Family as well as of the Sprays (Afnan) and friends that whatever he possesses of the Sacred Effects belongs to God, and ought after his death to be placed in the Sacred Tomb. On his death Mohammed Ali Effendi, Badiullah Effendi, the author and some others, went to a house near the Sacred Tomb and gathered those Sacred things that the Servant had. They were as follows: 12 pieces of the Sacred Photos; 217 Tablets written by the Supreme Pen; a number of the Sacred Taj and garments, and num­ber of the blessed hairs, good many Sacred volumes, and epistles, bound and unbound, some special things, a few epistles which were composed by the Servant himself on the Divine Unity and Infallibility. They wrote those things on a sheet of paper, and put them in three boxes, which they sealed and placed as a deposit in the house of Seyed Ali Effendi, the son-inlaw of our Great Master, Baha’u’llah, for he being a Russian subject can preserve them against the tyranny of the despotical officials. Lately it appeared that Abbas Effendi in the month of Safar 1327 A. H., answering the month of May, 1908 A. D., persuaded the Holy Leaf and her husband Seyed Ali Effendi and sent by night his son-in-law Mirza Mohsen and Agha Reda Shirazi in his special carriage at Behja from which they brought to him the three boxes wherein the things were deposited, without anybody’s knowledge. It is said that Abbas Effendi opened those boxes before some people (of his followers) and distributed some of the contents on them, and kept the rest. Till now nobody knows what be­came of them.

This sad dissension is the fulfillment of the prophecies which were mentioned in the Scriptures by the prophets of yore, “In that day, said the Lord of hosts, shall the nail that is fastened in the sure place be removed and be cut down, and fall; the burden that was upon it shall be cut off. For the Lord hath spoken it.”

Another said: because thou hast set thine heart as the heart of God; Behold, therefore, I will bring strangers upon thee, the terrible of the nations. I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee,”

Baha’u’llah said in Kitab-i-Aqdas thus: “Should he (the claimer) insist on what he claims, God will send against him those who have no mercy on him.”

(Ref: A Brief History of Baha’u’llah-The Founder of Baha’i Religion by Mirza Jawad Qazvini, pg 71-76)

This was the condition of the leader of the Baha’i faith of his time, Abdul Baha, the Servant of Baha. It doesn’t surprise us if today the followers of such a leader are involved in any scandals or  any indecent activities..

Note:We have changed the spellings for the sake of uniformity.

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